United States federal courts have jurisdiction over all bankruptcy cases and the cases are not allowed to be filed in state court.
Bankruptcy laws were created to help individuals who are unable to repay their Creditor or creditors. Certain bankruptcy proceedings allow creditors to liquidate their debts and others allow them to repay their debts with a repayment plan.
Chapter 11, Chapter 13 and Chapter 7 Bankruptcy are the most common chapters of bankruptcy filed in one of the 94 federal judicial districts. Several bankruptcy courts are functioning in each state and include several counties.
In most districts the petitions are filed in the Office of the Court Clerk located near the courthouse which is required to be open during normal business hours except on Saturdays and Sundays. Business conducted at the court can include pleadings, issuing and returning processes, filing and entering motions, orders and rules.
According to bankruptcy code rules trials and hearings must be done in open court (except as otherwise provided in 28 U.S.C. § 152(c)). The judicial officer of the U.S. States district court is the Bankruptcy Judge (there is generally more than one per court), and they have been given the decision making power for bankruptcy cases.
More Help on Bankruptcy Court
- Bankruptcy Judge - Bankruptcy judges are appointed for 14 year terms and are considered the decision making entity presiding over federal bankruptcy claims. - read more
- Creditor - Creditors can include businesses, individuals, organizations or the United State\'s government who is owed money for services or products provided to a second party in return for payment. - read more
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